Supplement to ANSI/NEMA MG 1-2016 Adds Testing Methods for Over-Air Motor Efficiency

An electric motor concept that shows an ANSI/NEMA MG 1 motor with over-air efficiency.

There’s a new supplement to ANSI/NEMA MG 1-2016: Motors and Generators. Now a part of Section IV, “Performance Standards Applying to all Machines,” the supplement adds Part 34, “Air-Over Motor Efficiency Test Method.”

While they are rarely visible to the consumer’s innocent eyes, electric motors are a crucial component of products utilized in everyday life. Serving the purpose of converting electrical energy into mechanical energy, motors often allow appliances to serve their very purpose. For example, just around the house, motors are present in microwaves, refrigerators, hairdryers, and electric toothbrushes.

Due to the abundance and wide range of electrical motors, ANSI/NEMA MG 1 provides information intended to assist users in selecting and applying motors and generators. As a massive and comprehensive American National Standard, it compiles information on the different types of motors by size, electrical type, application, variability of speed, or methods of cooling. It also outlines specifications on electrical current and other relevant aspects or components.

ANSI/NEMA MG 1 also describes testing procedures for determining a fabricated motor’s capabilities. The supplement serves as an expansion to these by adding testing methods for a particular motor type. Section IV, Part 34 of ANSI/NEMA MG 1 gives methods to test the efficiency of an over-air (AO) motor.

According to the supplement of ANSI/NEMA MG 1-2016, an over-air motor with a totally enclosed or open enclosure is understood as “an electric motor rated to operate in and be cooled by the airstream of a fan or blower that is not supplied with the motor, and whose purpose is providing airflow to an application, rather than the primary purpose of cooling the motor.” Since an AO motor needs a special procedure to reach an appropriate temperature, Part 34 of Section IV in ANSI/NEMA MG 1-2016 covers three test methods for determining AO temperature:

AO Temperature Test Procedure 1: Stabilized Temperature with Air Velocity Measurement

AO Temperature Test Procedure 2: Target Temperature with Air Flow

AO Temperature Test Procedure 3: Target Temperature without Air Flow

Each of these procedures are thoroughly detailed in the supplement to ANSI/NEMA MG 1-2016. This is a separate document that comes with the standard.

Please note that the current edition of the electric motors standard is ANSI/NEMA MG 1-2021: Motors And Generators. If you’d like to learn more about the NEMA MG 1-2021 standard and the changes that were made to the document when it was revised in 2022, please read: Changes to NEMA MG 1-2016 – Motors and Generators.

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