Construction pre-planning can save time, money, and frustration, making it incredibly beneficial to a construction company. It is not only the key to a successful construction project, ensuring that it goes as smoothly as possible, but it also considered one of the most powerful safety tools. ANSI/ASSE A10.1-2011 (R2017): Construction And Demolition Operations – Pre-Project & Pre-Task Safety And Health Planning provides the elements and activities for construction pre-planning.
Pre-task planning is completed by the job leaders, and it typically involves one or more meetings with the crew members before the jobs begins. In this meeting they discuss the scope of work, safety hazards, hazard controls, tools/equipment/materials needed, how long the job will take, the number of people needed, the cost of the job, and more. Job leaders will usually use a checklist to follow along to ensure everything is covered for the activity, helping get a clear picture of what the job will look like, how it will be done, and when each part of it will be completed. This will make issues and delays less likely to arise.
What Is ANSI/ASSE A10.1-2011?
ANSI/ASSE A10.1-2011 (R2017) establishes the elements and activities for pre-project and pre-task safety and health planning in construction. The American National Standard assists construction owners, project constructors, and contractors in making pre-project and pre-task safety and health planning a standard part of their planning processes. ANSI/ASSE A10.1-2011 (R2017) is also intended to assist owners in establishing a process for evaluating project constructor candidate safety and health performance and planning practices.
This standard is not intended for owners of residential property contracting for work to build or work on their personal residence.
What Is the Fastest Construction Project?
The J57 Mini Sky City in Hunan province, capital of Changsha, is a 57-story skyscraper that is 8m (682ft) and built in a record time of 19 days. The prior fabrication of building components started four to five months before construction at the site—hence implementing pre-task construction planning processes like those specified in ANSI/ASSE A10.1-2011 (R2017). The construction was considerate about its structural safety and can withstand high magnitude earthquakes.
The skyscraper was constructed up from the ground by Broad Sustainable Building, a prefabricated construction company, using a modular system by assembling three floors in a day, which won the 2013 Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) Innovation Award. Using this construction method reduced the use of up to 15, 000 concrete trucks and avoided the release of dust associated with conventional Chinese construction processes. Additionally, the J57 Mini Sky City was built with energy-efficient, factory-produced elements and stands as an example for using less material and significantly reducing air pollution.
The tower is spread over 180,000 square meters with a mixed-used function. The J57 Mini Sky City houses within 19 ten-meter-tall atriums, 800 apartment dwelling units, and office space for 4,000 people—all of which highlights the flexibility in building use.
Safety and Health Planning
ANSI/ASSE A10.1-2011 (R2017) provides the following leading indicators as metrics to measure occupational safety and health activities:
- Implementation of multi-employer site safety and health program
- Implementation of contractor safety and health program
- Frequency of project safety and health inspections
- Tracking of safe/unsafe work practices
- Percentage of inspection issues properly corrected
- Frequency of safety and health communications (i.e., safety meetings, formal safety training sessions, short-duration training sessions, etc.)
- Frequency of investigations of incidents that resulted in work related injury or illness
- Frequency of investigations of near miss incidents
- Implementation of action plan for addressing results of investigations
- Frequency of repeat incidence
- Frequency of task hazard analyses performed for high hazard activities
- Implementation of substance abuse program, which includes alcohol and drug testing
- Implementation of 100% hard hat and safety glasses policy
ANSI/ASSE A10.1-2011 (R2017): Construction And Demolition Operations – Pre-Project & Pre-Task Safety And Health Planning is available on the ANSI Webstore and in the ANSI/ASSE A10 Construction Package.