***Update: This standard has been revised. ANSI A108/A118/A136.1:2019 – American National Specifications For The Installation Of Ceramic Tile is available on the ANSI Webstore.
Ceramic tile surely fulfills a need for aesthetic, but its purpose extends beyond what can be viewed by just a quick glance. Ceramic tile provides stain and water resistance, and its durability makes it an ideal component of many homes and structures. However, acquiring these characteristics is largely dependent on proper installation. ANSI A108/A118/A136.1:2017 – American National Specifications for the Installation of Ceramic Tile – Version 2017.3 details the many specifications for installing ceramic tile.
The ANSI A108/A118/A136.1:2017 document, developed by the Tile Council of North America (TCNA), an ANSI-accredited standards developing organization, and processed and approved for submittal to ANSI by the Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) on Ceramic Tile A108, is not actually a single standard but several. The document compiles American National Standard Specifications ANSI A108.01, .02, .1A, .1B, .1C, .4, .5, .6, .8, .9, .10, .11, .12, .13, .14, .15, .16, .17, A118.1, .3, .4, .5, .6, .7, .8, .9, .10, .11, .12, .13, .15, and A136.
Due to the multitude of standard specifications present, this publication addresses ceramic tile installed with portland cement mortar, dry-set or latex portland cement mortar, organic adhesive, epoxy adhesive, chemical resistant water cleanable tile-setting and -grouting epoxy, chemical resistant furan mortar and grout, and modified epoxy emulsion mortar. Each of the formerly distinct standard specifications focuses on a single subject, such as installation with or materials testing of the epoxies and mortars listed above.
However, while guidelines specific to unique installations can be found in each section of the document, some information is prevalent throughout the standards included. For example, many of these address or at least touch upon the idea of waterproofness in ceramic tile. There is a common-held belief that ceramic tile is naturally water-resistant. However, this is not the case. Glazing is often needed for assuring that the tiles can become less porous. Furthermore, some of the grout lines may be susceptible to moisture and thus are in need of glazing. Waterproof membranes, which are highly useful for thin-set ceramic tile and other installations, are specified in ANSI A118.10 as part of the ANSI A108/A118/A136.1:2017 publication.
The installation of ceramic tile is the primary focus of ANSI A108/A118/A136.1:2017, but methods and specifications for installing other types of tile are covered as well. For example, in the publication, ANSI A108.14 deals with the installation of paper-faced glass mosaic tile.
General guidelines for ceramic tile can be found in ANSI A137.1:2019: American National Standards Specifications for Ceramic Tile.
ANSI A108/A118/A136.1:2017 – American National Specifications for the Installation of Ceramic Tile – Version 2017.3 is available on the ANSI Webstore.